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Service Package#

A service package is defined as a group of services billed to a customer for a set price. The time spent on completing the package is stated in hours, and a project is used to plan, post, and bill all related expenses and revenues.

Note

The use of service packages requires the Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central price list functionality.

Setup#

Work type#

To be able to designate a resource as a service package, you need a work type with a unit of measure that matches the resource’s base unit and a billing unit that reflects the nature of the work being done.

This way, you can record and post the time spent on completing and delivering the package in hours but, for example, invoice the work by piece later.

Work package#

To be able to use service packages on WBS and budget lines, you also need a work package that must be filled in as described in the following table.

Field Value
Budget Type Resource Turn on this toggle.
Billing Base Select Resource.
Billing No. Choose a billing resource that contains the units used for the specified work type (for example, Piece and Hour).
Billing Type Select Time & Materials.
Work Type Code Enter the work type specified for service packages.
Copy to Sales Doc. Select Budget Lines.

Jobs Setup#

Field Description
Work Type (Service Package) Specify the work type that will be used by default if a resource has been designated as a service package. The base unit specified for the resource must be Hour and the billing unit a measurement that reflects the nature of the package (for example, Piece).
Sales Price List (Service Package) Select the job sales price list that you want to save unit prices of service packages to.

Note
The use of service packages requires the Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central1 price list functionality.
Update Service Package Sales Price List Automatically Description to follow.
Purch. Price List (Service Package) Select the job purchase price list that you want to save unit costs of service packages to.

Note
The use of service packages requires the Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central1 price list functionality.
Update Service Package Purchase Price List Automatically Description to follow.

Specify a package#

Service packages are set up as resources in the system. The type you assign to a package doesn’t matter; still, we recommend that you specify packages as machines to better distinguish them from human resources.

You can then fill in the service package fields on resource cards as described in the following table.

Field Description
Service Package Turn on this toggle if you want to designate the resource as a service package. To help distinguish these packages from human resources, we recommend that you select Machine in the Type field.
Service Work Type If the resource is designated as a service package, the work type that will be used for packages is copied to this field automatically.
Invoice Qty. Enter 1 in this field if the resource is designated as a service package, that is, the resource will be billed based on time and materials.
Invoice Unit of Measure This field is filled in automatically if you mark the resource as a service package and cannot be changed.
Planned Qty. If the resource is designated as a service package, that is, work will be billed by time and materials, specify here—in hours—the effort required to complete it.
Planned Unit of Measure This field is filled in automatically if you mark the resource as a service package and cannot be changed.
Unit Cost / Planned Qty. This field is also filled in automatically and indicates the estimated unit cost per hour for resources designated as service packages—the result of dividing the cost of the chosen package by the planned quantity.

The other fields are set up in the same way as for standard resources.

Prices#

All packages are sold at fixed prices. When you enter the price of a package in the Sales Price field, a new line is automatically created for it on the Job Sales Price Lists page, giving the amount in local currency. Prices in foreign currency must be added manually to the list.

The cost per unit is calculated as follows:

Planned Qty. * average unit cost of all resources who contributed to completing the package.

The result is entered in the Unit Cost field. The Unit Cost / Planned Qty. field is also updated, and a new price list line is added to the Job Purchase Price Lists page automatically.

On job budget lines#

To be able to enter service packages on a project, you need lines with suitable work packages.

We recommend that for every job, you create a WBS line on which you collect the packages that you sell to customers. Each package can then be stored on a new Resource-type budget line, where you enter the resource linked to the package.

After you fill in the resource, the system copies—besides the description and units entered for it—the prices specified for the service package from a sales or purchase price list.

You can then post to the line the time spent on completing a package, with billing set to Time & Materials at budget line level (so that all packages are sold separately to the customer).

When all values are filled in, you can also perform a target-actual comparison to see in what amount of time you expected to complete the service package and how long it actually took.

On sales document lines#

You can use the Create Sales Document function to copy service packages to sales documents. But even without running this action, you can add a package to a sales quote, for example, by entering it manually on a document line.

The line must be of type Resource. After you choose a resource in the form of a service package, the system copies to the line not only the description of the package but also its unit price and billing unit.

Record time spent on a package#

If you want to add service packages to a job, the project must have been set up in a way that all hours spent on completing a package can be recorded at budget line level.

To simplify the recording process, the time tracking page shows only budget lines assigned to the relevant resource or its resource group and the lines of other service package resources stored in the system.


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